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Fall Prevention
A fall can change your life. If you're elderly, it can lead to disability and a loss of independence. If your bones are fragile from osteoporosis, you could break a bone, often a hip. But aging alone doesn't make people fall. Diabetes and heart disease affect balance. So do problems with circulation, thyroid or nervous systems. Some medicines make people dizzy. Eye problems or alcohol can be factors. Any of these things can make a fall more likely.

Falls and accidents seldom "just happen." Taking care of your health by exercising and getting regular eye exams and physicals may help reduce your chance of falling. Getting rid of tripping hazards in your home and wearing nonskid shoes may also help. To reduce the chances of breaking a bone if you do fall, make sure that you get enough calcium and vitamin D.

Falls are NOT a natural part of aging. Having the fear of falling should not rule your life. A few factors can simply reduce your risk of falling:
  1. Understand what may put you at risk of falling. Some risks can be reduced through medical and medication management; health care providers can help to identify risks and develop a plan to reduce your risk of a fall.
  2. Keeping active and specific physical activities and exercises may target and reduce fall risk by increasing your balance and mobility skills.
  3. Changes to your home and community environment can reduce hazards and help support you in completing daily activities safely.

6 Steps to Prevent a fall from the Nat'l Council on Aging (NCOA) -pdf